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EVALUATION OF THE EMOTIONAL ASPECTS AND SELF-CARE OF ELDERLY PEOPLE WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Dandara de Fátima Ribeiro Bendelaque, Dayara de Nazaré Rosa de Carvalho, Stelacelly Coelho Toscano Silveira, Fabianne de Jesus Dias de Sousa, Mariseth Carvalho de Andrade, Viviane Ferraz Ferreira de Aguiar

Resumo


Objective: To evaluate the emotional aspects and self-care of elderly people with Diabetes Mellitus.

Method: a descriptive, exploratory, and quantitative study with 105 elderly people from an outpatient clinic in a hospital located in the city of Belém-Pará, Brazil, carried out between July and September 2022. The following questionnaires were used: sociodemographic, economic, and clinical data; problem areas in Diabetes; and Diabetes self-care activities. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential analysis using the following tests: Chi-square, and the G-adherence test.

Results: low emotional distress was found in items: nine (p = 0.0001), ten to twenty (p<0.0001), and good adherence to self-care in the domains of general nutrition (p<0.0001), specific nutrition (p<0.0001), foot care and medication (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: The findings can be linked to adequate guidance on daily care, contributing to the perception of the emotional condition and its relationship with self-care.


Palavras-chave


Elderly; Diabetes Mellitus; Surveys and Questionnaires; Self-care; Mental Health.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ce.v29i0.94954