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CHARACTERIZATION OF THE OCCURRENCE OF FRACTURES IN THE ELDERLY: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY IN A PUBLIC HOSPITAL

Michelle Aparecida dos Santos Toneto, Paulo Cézar Mendes, Suely Amorim de Araújo

Resumo


Objective: To find out about the main postoperative complications and the clinical outcome of elderly people after corrective fracture surgery.

Method: a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out in a public hospital in Minas Gerais, Brazil, between August and October 2021. Data was obtained through interviews and medical records and analyzed using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests.

Results: The main postoperative complications were pain, bleeding, and mental confusion. The variables correlated with the number of complications were outcome (p=0.016), ASA classification (p=0.047) and postoperative time (p=0.002). As for the type of fracture, it was the destination sector (p=0.002) and length of stay (p>0.0001).

Conclusion: This study provides the team with greater knowledge about the profile of the elderly, to improve surgical planning and reduce the factors correlated with the presence of postoperative complications.


Palavras-chave


Elderly; Bone fractures; Postoperative Complications; Nursing; Surgical Procedures, Operative.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ce.v29i0.94209