O Ensino Médio e a precocidade do trabalho juvenil / Secondary Education, work andyoung people

Ramon de Oliveira

Resumo


Apresenta-se os resultados de uma pesquisa que objetivou levantar a opinião dos jovens sobre a contribuição da escola para sua formação enquanto trabalhadores. Foram entrevistados 115 jovens matriculados no Ensino Médio, em 17 escolas na região metropolitana do Recife. Concluiu-se que a escola pública ao considerar que os jovens têm como horizonte a entrada no mer-cado de trabalho, promove a aprendizagem do mínimo necessário para uma inserção precoce e precarizada. Os jovens desejam de alguma forma, mudar a sua condição social, nesse sentido, articulam trabalho e escola como uma relação fecunda no sentido da mobilidade social. A vinculação estabelecida entre escola e trabalho trata-se de uma necessidade posta enquanto condição de sobrevivência e de uma melhor condição de vida.

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This study presents the results of a survey conducted with secondary education students from the public school network in the state of Pernambuco, the purpose of which was to obtain the opinion of young people on the contribution of schooling to their training as workers. 115 young day and night students from the 11th and 12th grades of secondary education were interviewed, including full-time schools. The 17 schools involved are located in the greater Recife region. Using literature geared to the discussion on youth as a reference, in addition to the relationship between the world of work, school and youth, we concluded that public schooling, considering that the aim of young people is to join the employment market, promotes the learning of the minimum required to enter this market in a premature and precarious manner. Young people wish to change their social status in some way or another, and as such regard work and school as fertile relationship in the sense of social mobility. The association young people establish between school and work does not arise from a solid analysis of how school can contribute to someone joining the employment market. This is a need which exists as a condition for survival and a desire to change one’s life, not just one ́s own, but more often than not, that of the individual’s parents and family members.


Palavras-chave


Juventude; Mobilidade Social; Ensino Médio / Young People; Work; Secondary Education

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Qualis A1

Publicado pelo Setor de Educação da Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR).

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