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ADOLESCENTS EXPERIENCING PARENTAL CANCER: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

Ana Filipa Domingues Sousa, Diana Gabriela Simões Marques Santos, Maria Margarida da Silva Reis dos Santos Ferreira, Maria de Lurdes Lopes de Freitas Lomba

Resumo


Objective: to analyze the needs of adolescents experiencing parental cancer.

Method: an exploratory and descriptive qualitative study. Data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews in 2021. The convenience sample was composed of adolescents aged 14-19, with parents with oncological disease in the treatment phase, followed in a Portuguese oncology hospital. Data processing was carried out using content analysis.

Results: from the analysis of the 13 interviews, five domains emerged: Coping with the disease; Knowledge about the disease; Previous experiences with the oncological disease; Experiencing parental cancer; and Somatic changes. The results show that adolescents experiencing parental cancer have emotional, educational and psychosocial needs.

Conclusion: this study allowed us to understand adolescents’ needs, understanding the difficulties experienced and the challenges that the experience entails. The results will support the design of a nursing intervention program for the dyad experiencing parental cancer.


Palavras-chave


Adolescents; Parents; Neoplasms; Nursing; Qualitative Research.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ce.v29i0.93714