Introdução à constituição material

Marco Goldoni, Michael Wilkinson

Resumo


Qual é o contexto material da ordem constitucional? Este artigo busca oferecer uma resposta a essa pergunta, por meio do esboço de uma teoria da constituição material. Diferentemente de outras abordagens, tais como o constitucionalismo sociológico, o constitucionalismo marxista e a teoria política do direito, este artigo descreve os elementos básicos da constituição material, especificando seus quatro fatores de ordenação. São eles: a) unidade política, b) conjunto de instituições; c) rede de relações sociais, e d) conjunto de objetivos políticos fundamentais. Esses fatores fornecem a substância material e a dinâmica interna do processo de ordenação constitucional. Eles não são externos à constituição, mas correspondem a característica do conhecimento jurídico, situando-se em uma relação e tensão internas com a constituição formal. Em razão do fato de que esses fatores de ordenação são múltiplos e conflitantes entre si, não existe um único fator determinante do desenvolvimento constitucional; nem sequer essa ordem é garantida. O conflito que caracteriza a condição humana moderna pode, mas não precisa, ser internalizado pelo processo de ordenação constitucional. Em suma, a teoria da constituição material oferece uma descrição dos elementos básicos desse processo, bem como de sua dinâmica interna.

Palavras-chave


Teoria da Constituição. Costantino Mortati. Ordenação constitucional.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/rfdufpr.v63i3.60907

Direitos autorais 2018 Revista da Faculdade de Direito UFPR

Revista da Faculdade de Direito UFPR. ISSN: 0104-3315 (impresso – até 2013) e 2236-7284 (eletrônico).