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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN A QUILOMBOLA COMMUNITY: EMPHASIS ON CHRONIC DISEASES

Thais Gomes dos Santos, Raquel Rodrigues do Amaral, Diurieny Ribeiro Itaparica Vieitas, Moacir de Azevedo Bentes Monteiro Neto

Resumo


Objective: To understand the ethnopharmacological knowledge of medicinal plants used to treat chronic diseases in a quilombola community in the Brazilian Amazon.

Method: A cross-sectional, descriptive study using a semi-structured questionnaire in a quilombola community in Macapá, Amapá (Brazil), from March to June 2022. The analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics.

Results: In the quilombola community, women are the main holders of knowledge about medicinal plants, usually acquired from their parents/grandparents. Among the various plants mentioned, boldo was the most frequently mentioned (13.78%) for treating liver diseases, followed by mastruz (6.89%) for inflammatory issues.

Conclusion: The study's results made it possible to understand the ethnopharmacological knowledge of phytotherapy in treating chronic non-communicable diseases and how it can act in an alternative and positive way in the clinical manifestations or complications caused by these diseases.


Palavras-chave


Medicinal Plants; Ethnopharmacology; Chronic Disease; Phytotherapy; Quilombolas.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ce.v28i0.93158