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Fungus Damage Effect on Physical-Chemical Characteristics of Corn Grains

Paula Carvalho Leal, Andréia Massuquetto, Marley Conceição dos Santos, Luis Daniel Giusti Bruno, Everton Luis Krabbe, Ananda Portella Felix, Alex Maiorka

Abstract


The objective of this study was to analyze the physical-chemical characteristics of corn lots with different ratios of damaged to intact grains, considering the interaction between them. Recently harvested corn grains were selected, and grains attacked by fungi (fermented and moldy) and intact grains were separated to establish the following grain mixtures (treatments): 1 – 0% fermented/moldy and 100% intact grains; 2 - 10% fermented/moldy and 90% intact grains; 3 - 20% fermented/moldy and 80% intact grains; 4 - 30% fermented/moldy and 70% intact grains; and 5 - 40% fermented/moldy and 60% intact grains. Samples from each treatment were analyzed for dry matter (DM), ash (A), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), ether extract (EE), and gross energy (GE) contents, water activity (aw), density, and hardness. Chemical composition and density data were submitted to analysis of regression, hardness values were compared by Tukey test (P<0.05), and Pearson’s correlations (P<0.05) between chemical and physical parameters were calculated. Increasing ratios of moldy corn relative to intact corn reduced DM, CF, EE, and GE contents, increased A, CP, Wa values, and reduced the density of the lot. Moldy grains presented lower hardness values compared with intact corn. This study shows that fungus damage affects corn grain physical-chemical properties.

Keywords


chemical composition; density; fungi; hardness; water activity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/avs.v26i4.77519