Mediação e Imediatismo: formas sensoriais, ideologias semióticas e a questão do meio

Birgit Meyer

Resumo


Tomando como ponto de partida o paradoxo de que imediatismo não é anterior, mas antes um produto da mediação, esse artigo argumenta que a negociação de tecnologias mediáticas recentes é um elemento-chave para
a transformação da religião. Invocada para autorizar a experiência de poderes espirituais como imediatos e reais, a mídia tende a “desaparecer” ou se tornar “hiper-aparente” no ato da mediação. Argumento que entender a mídia
como intrínseca à religião exige uma crítica fundamental das abordagens, tanto da religião quanto da mídia, que propõem uma oposição entre mídia e imediatismo.


Palavras-chave


mídia; religião; Pentecostalismo; sentidos; Ghana

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ASAD, Talal. 1993. Genealogies of religion: discipline and reasons of power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

BECK, Kurt. 2009. Technological dramas in the Islamic reshaping of the Sudan. Paper presented at AEGIS conference,

Leipzig, July2009.

BOLTER, Jay David. and GRUSIN, Richard. 1999. Remediation: understanding new media. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

CHIDESTER, David. 2008. ‘Zulu dreamscapes: senses, media, and authentication in contemporary neoshamanism’,

Material Religion 4:135–58. https://doi.org/10.2752/175183408x328271

DE ABREU, Maria. José. 2005. ‘Breathing into the heart of the matter: why Padre Marcelo needs no wings’, Postscripts 1:325–49.

DE ABREU, Maria. José. 2009. In midair: breath, media, body, space. A study of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal

Movement in Brazil. PhD dissertation, University of Amsterdam, February 2009.

DE CERTEAU, Michel. 1984. The practice of everyday life. Berkeley: University of California Press.

DE VRIES, Hent. 2001. "In media res. Global religion, public spheres, and the task of contemporary comparative religious studies". In H. de Vries and S. Weber (eds.), Religion and media. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

DE WITTE, Marleen. 2008. Spirit media. Charismatics, traditionalists, and mediation practices in Ghana. PhD dissertation, University of Amsterdam.

DERRIDA, Jaques. 2001. "Above all, no journalists!" In H.de Vries and S. Weber (eds.). Religion and media. Stanford:

Stanford University Press.

EISENLOHR, Patrick. 2006. "‘As Makkah is sweet and beloved, so is Madina. Islam, devotional genres, and electronic

mediationin Mauritius’". American Ethnologist 33(2):230–45. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2006.33.2.230

EISENLOHR, Patrick. 2011. "What is a medium? The anthropology of media and the question of ethnic and religious

pluralism". Social anthropology 19 (1): 1–5.

ENGELKE, Matthew.2007. "Text and performance in an African church: The Book, “live and direct”". American Ethnologist 31:76–91. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2004.31.1.76

ENGELKE, Matthew. 2007. A problem of presence. Beyond scripture in an African Church. Berkeley: University of California Press.

FOX, Richard. 2009. Religion, media, and cultural studies. Religion and Culture Web Forum, Divinity School of the University of Chicago. http://divinity.uchicago.edu/martycenter/publications/webforum/052009/Religion,%20Media%20and%20

Cultural%20Studies%20 (MMC)-1.pdf

HEPP, Andreas. 2009. "Differentiation: mediatization and cultural change" In K. Lundby (ed.), Mediatization: concept, changes, consequences. New York: Peter Lang.

HJARVARD, Stig. 2008a. "The mediatization of society. A theory of the media as agents of social and cultural change", Nordicom Review 29:105–34. https://doi.org/10.1515/nor-2017-0181

HJARVARD, Stig. 2008b. "The mediatization of religion. A theory of the media as agents of religious change", Northern Lights 6:9–26. https://doi.org/10.1386/nl.6.1.9_1

HUGHES, Stephen. 2009. "Tamil mythological cinema and the politics of secular modernism". In Birgit Meyer (ed.) A

esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. NewYork: Palgrave.

JAMES, William.1982 [1902]. The varieties of religious experience. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

KEANE, Webb. 2007. Christian moderns. Freedom & fetish in the mission encounter. Berkeley: University of California Press.

KIRSCH, Thomas. 2008. Spirits and letters: reading, writing and charisma in African Christianity. New York: Berghahn.

KRÄMER, Sybille. 2008. Form als Vollzug oder: Was gewinnen wir mit Niklas Luhmanns Unterscheidung von Medium

und Form? http://sammelpunkt.philo.at:8080/728/1/kraemer2.html (first published in1998inRechtshistorischesJournal 17:558–73).

LARKIN, Brian. 2008. Signal and noise. Media, infrastructure, and urban culture in Nigeria. Durham: Duke University Press.

LARKIN, Brian. 2009. "Islamic renewal, radio, and the surface of things". In B.Meyer (ed.). A esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. New York: Palgrave.

LATOUR, Bruno. 2005. Reassembling the social. An introduction to actor-network-theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

LOVHEIM, Mia. 2011. "Mediatization of religion. A critical appraisal". Culture and Religion, an interdisciplinary jornal 12(2): 153–166. https://doi.org/10.1080/14755610.2011.579738

LUHMANN, Niklas. 1997. Die Gesellschaftder Gesellschaft. Frankfurta. M.: Suhrkamp.

LUNDBY, Knut. 2009. "Medialogic. Looking for social interaction". In K. Lundby (ed.) Mediatization: concept, changes, consequences. NewYork: Peter Lang.

MAZZARELLA, William. 2004. "Culture, globalization, mediation". Annual Review of Anthropology 33:345–67.

MEYER, Bridget. 1998. "“Make a complete break with the past”: memory and post-colonial modernity in Ghanaian

pentecostalist discourse". Journal of Religion in Africa XXVII:316–49.

MEYER, Bridget. 2004. "“Praise the Lord”: popular cinema and the pentecostalite style in Ghana’s new public sphere". American Ethnologist 31:92–110. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2004.31.1.92

MEYER, Bridget. 2005. "Religious remediations. Pentecostal views in Ghanaian video-movies". Postscripts 1: 155–81.

MEYER, Bridget. 2006a. Religious sensations. Why media, aesthetics and power matter in the study of contemporary religion. Inaugural lecture, VU University.

MEYER, Bridget. 2006b. "Religious revelation, secrecy, and the limits of visual representation". Anthropological Theory 6:431–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1463499606071596

MEYER, Bridget. 2007. "Pentecostal and neo-liberal capitalism: faith, prosperity and vision in African Pentecostal-Charismatic churches". Journal for the Study of Religion 20:5–28. https://doi.org/10.4314/jsr.v20i2.47769

MEYER, Bridget. (ed.) 2009. An esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. New York: Palgrave.

MEYER, Bridget. 2010a. "An esthetics of persuasion. Global Christianity and Pentecostalism’s sensational forms". South Atlantic Quarterly 9:741–63. https://doi.org/10.1215/00382876-2010-015

MEYER, Bridget. 2010b. "“There is a spirit in that image”: mass produced Jesus pictures and Protestant Pentecostalanimation in Ghana". Comparative Studies in Society and History 52:100–30. https://doi.org/10.1017/s001041750999034x

MEYER, Birgit. 2011. “Mediation and immediacy: sensational forms, semiotic ideologies and the question of the medium” Social Anthropology 19 (1):23–39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8676.2010.00137.x

MEYER, Bridget. and MOORS, Annelies. (eds.) 2006. Religion, media and the public sphere. Bloomington: Indiana

University Press.

MORGAN, David. 1998. Visualpiety. A history and theory of popular religious images. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

MORGAN, David. 2005. The sacred gaze. Religious visual culture in theory and practice. Los Angeles: University of

California Press.

MÜLLER, Friedrich. 1893. Introduction to the science of religion; four lectures delivered at the Royal Institution in February and May 1879. London: Longmans, Green.

OOSTERBAAN, Martijin. 2009. "Purity and the Devil: Community, Media, and the Body. Pentecostal Adherents in a Favela in Rio de Janeiro". In B.Meyer (ed.) A esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. New York: Palgrave.

PINNEY, Christopher. 2004. 'Photos of the gods’: the printed image and political struggle in India. London: Reaktion Press.

ROSENTHAL, Michele. 2007. American Protestants and TV in the 1950s. Responses to a new medium. New York: Palgrave.

SÁNCHEZ, Rodrigo. 2009. "Seized by the Spirit. The mystical foundation of squatting among Pentecostals in Caracas

(Venezuela) today". In B. Meyer (ed.). A esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. New York: Palgrave.

SCHULZ, Dorothea. 2003. "Charisma and brotherhood revisited: mass-mediated forms of spirituality in urban Mali". Journal of Religion in Africa 33:146–71. https://doi.org/10.1163/15700660360703123

SCHULZ, Dorothea. 2006. "Promises of (im) mediate salvation: Islam, broadcast media, and the remaking of religious

experience in Mali". American Ethnologist 33:210–29. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2006.33.2.210

SPYER, Patricia. 2001. "The Cassowary will not be photographed". In H. de Vries and S. Weber (eds.) Religion and media. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

STOLOW, Jeremy. 2010. Orthodox by design: Judaism, print politics, and the ArtScroll revolution. Berkeley: California

University Press.

VAN DE PORT, Mattijs. 2006. "Visualizing the sacred. Video technology, “televisual style”, and the religious imagination in Bahian Candomblé". American Ethnologist 33:444–61. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2006.33.3.444

VAN DE PORT, Mattijs. 2009. "Don’t ask questions, just observe!’ Boundary politics in Bahian Candomble". In B. Meyer (ed.) A esthetic formations. Media, religion and the senses. New York: Palgrave.

VAN DER STOEP, Jan. 2009. Geloof als logo. Inaugural lecture. Christelijke Hogeschool Ede.

VERBEEK, P.P. 2005. What things do. Philosophical reflections on technology, agency, and design. University Park: Penn State University Press.

WEBER, Max. 1970 [1948]. "Religious rejections of the world and their directions". In Max Weber Essays in sociology. With an introduction by H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/campos.v16i2.53464

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2017 Direitos Autorais para artigos publicados nesta revista são do autor, com direitos de primeira publicação para a revista

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM