Open Journal Systems

VERTICAL ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF THE PROCESSED SRTM DATA FOR THE BRAZILIAN TERRITORY

Alex Gois Orlandi, Osmar Abílio de Carvalho Júnior, Renato Fontes Guimarães, Edilson de Souza Bias, Douglas Corbari Corrêa, Roberto Arnaldo Trancoso Gomes

Abstract


This research aims to determine the vertical accuracy of the Interferometric Digital Elevation Model (DEM) obtained from the processed Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data. The research compared the SRTM-GL1 (Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission-Global 1) with 30-meter resolution and the following 90-meter resolution models: (a) EMBRAPA; (b) Hydrological data and maps based on Shuttle Elevation Derivatives at multiple Scales (HydroSHEDS) (HydroSHEDS), provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS); (c) Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research-Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI); and (d) Jonathan de Ferranti. The accuracy analysis considered the diverse Brazilian regions, adopting 1,087 field points from the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) trackers or topography methods. The Jonathan de Ferranti model achieved the best accuracy with RMSE of 9.61m among the 90-meter resolution models. Most SRTM models at 1:100,000 scale reached Grade A of the Cartographic Accuracy Standard. However, the accuracy at the 1: 50,000 scale did not achieve the same performance. SRTM errors are linearly related to slope and the most significant errors always occur in forest areas. The 30-meter resolution SRTM showed an accuracy of around 10% better (RMSE of 8.52m) than the model of Jonathan de Ferranti with 90-meter resolution (RMSE of 9.61m).

Keywords


SRTM mission, vertical accuracy, interferometry, digital elevation model.

Full Text:

PDF