MAPPING OF FLOOD SUSCEPTIBILITY IN CAMPINA GRANDE COUNTY – PB: A SPATIAL MULTICRITERIA APPROACH

Priscila Barros Ramalho Alves, Hiran de Melo Filho, Bárbara Barbosa Tsuyuguchi, Iana Alexandra Alves Rufino, Patrícia Hermínio Cunha Feitosa

Abstract


The social and economic impacts caused by floods in urban areas are diverse and increase as the land becomes gradually impervious. Due to the increasing urbanization of cities, it is necessary to implement a better planning process and optimize the urban spaces management and occupation. Thus, the government needs to gather reliable and useful data for the decision-making process. Therefore, the GIS plays an important role among urban planning instruments. Given the current situation in Campina Grande County, Paraiba State, Brazil - an area continually facing disturbances caused by occasional and concentrated rainfalls - the current study aims to map the areas seen as the most susceptible to floods, by using a MCDA GIS-based model (Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis). There are five quantitative criteria considered in the analysis: slope, altitude, roads with drainage infrastructure, distance from water bodies and land use. It is a pixel by pixel analysis based on predetermined assumptions. Fuzzy functions were developed and overlay operations were performed. The results were consistent with historical records and with previous studies about the county, thus adding reliability to the model, which can be considered a potential management instrument for the case study area, as well as for cities facing similar issues.

Keywords


Floods; Urbanization; GIS; MCDA; Fuzzy

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Copyright (c) 2018 Priscila Barros Ramalho Alves, Hiran de Melo Filho, Bárbara Barbosa Tsuyuguchi, Iana Alexandra Alves Rufino, Patrícia Hermínio Cunha Feitosa

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