Influence of relative orientation constraints in two-head digital camera calibration

WIMERSON SANCHES BAZAN, ANTONIO MARIA GARCIA TOMMASELLI, MAURICIO GALO, ROBERTO DA SILVA RUY

Abstract


Image acquisition systems based on multi-head arrangement of digital frame cameras, such as the commercial systems DMC, UltraCam, besides others, are attractive alternatives enabling larger  imaging area when compared to a single frame camera. Considering that in these systems, cameras are tightly attached to an external mount, it is assumed that relative position and orientation between cameras are stable during image acquisition and, consequently, these constraint can be included in the calibration step. This constraint is acceptable because estimates of
the relative orientation (RO) parameters between cameras, from previously estimated exterior orientation parameters, present higher and significant deviations than the expected physical variations, due to error propagation. In order to solve this
problem, this work presents an approach based on simultaneous calibration of two or more cameras using constraints that state that the relative rotation matrix and the distance between the cameras head are stable. Experiments with images acquired by an arrangement of two Hasselblad H2D cameras were accomplished, without and with the mentioned constraints. The experiments showed that the calibration process with RO constraints allows better results than the approach based on single camera calibration, provided that the estimation has included only images with good target distribution.


Keywords


Calibração de Câmaras Digitais; Calibração de um Sistema Multicâmaras; Fototriangulação com Parâmetros Adicionais; Injunções de Orientação relativa; Fotogrametria Digital



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