Open Journal Systems


J. A. Souza, J. V. C. Vargas, O. F. Von Meien, W. Martignoni


The catalytic cracking of hydrocarbons in a FCC riser is a very complex
physical and chemical phenomenon, which combines a three-dimensional,
three-phase fluid flow with a heterogeneous catalytic cracking kinetics.
Several researchers have carried out the modeling of the problem in different
ways. Depending on the main objective of the modeling it is possible to find
in the literature very simple models while in other cases, when more
accurate results are necessary, each equipment is normally treated separately
and a set of differential and algebraic equations is written for the problem.
The riser reactor is probably the most important equipment in a FCC plant.
All cracking reactions and fuel formation occur during the short time (about
4-5s) that the gas oil stays in contact with the catalyst inside the riser. This
work presents a simplified model to predict the, temperature and
concentrations in a FCC riser reactor. A bi-dimensional fluid flow field
combined with a 6 lumps kinetic model and two energy equations (catalyst
and gas oil) are used to simulate the gas oil cracking process. Based on the
velocity, temperature and concentration fields, it is intended, on a next step,
to use the second law of thermodynamic to perform a thermodynamic
optimization of the system.

Full Text: