TERRITORIAL FORMATION OF THE GUIANAS REGION

Gutemberg de Vilhena Silva, Stephane Granger

Resumo


For more than 9,500 years, the indigenous people reigned supreme in the construction of territorialities in the Guiana region, a part of the Amazon between the Orinoco and Amazon rivers, which borders the Atlantic Ocean. With the encounter of both worlds, a metaphor that refers to the contact of the indigenous people with the European explorers, everything changed and the last five centuries have been marked by wars, killings, and various territorial restructurings in the Guianas. Through a geopolitical perspective as a methodological fulcrum, and anchored in literature review and thematic cartography, this text examines the local-global relationship of the region over the five centuries of contacts, demarcating important facts and contexts in Europe that imprinted significant changes on the political space of the Guianas. Of the relevant moments, the great navigations, the bourgeois revolutions, and the Cold War were the most important for the transformations that occurred in the region. In addition, boundary treaties played a crucial role, with special attention to two of them: the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) and the Treaty of Madrid (1750). The text concludes that the search for riches and moments of instability in Europe, whether due to territorial recompositions there or conflicts, determined important reorganizations in the Guianas that made it what it is today, a complex region from the geopolitical point of view.


Palavras-chave


Formação Territorial; Geopolítica; Geo-história; Guianas.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


AGNEW, J; CORBRIDGE, Stuart. Mastering Space: Hegemony, Territory and International Political Economy, Londres: Routledge, 1995.

_____. Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics, 2.ed., Londres: Routledge, 2003

CAIRO, H. A América Latina Nos Modelos Geopolíticos Modernos: da marginalização à preocupação com sua autonomia. CADERNO CRH, Salvador, v. 21, n. 53, 2008. p. 221-237,

_____; LOIS, M. Geografia política de las disputas de fronteras: cambios y continuidades en los discursos geopoliticos en America Latina (1990-2013), Cuadernos de Geografía, v. 23, n.o 2, 2014. p. 45-67.

CERVO, A. L. A política brasileira de limites no século XIX. Revista brasileira de Política internacional n° 111-112, julho, Brasilia, 1985, pp. 49-61.

CHADE, Jamil. Mapa inédito revê disputa pela região do Amapá. Jornal o Estado de São Paulo, 2016. Available on : https://brasil.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,mapa-inedito-reve-disputa-pela-regiao-do-amapa,10000095231

DEVEZE, M. Les Guyanes. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1968.

ERIKSEN, L. Nature and Culture in Prehistoric Amazonia: Using GIS to reconstruct ancient ethnogenetic processes from archaeology, linguistics, geography, and ethnohistory. Human Ecology Division: Lund University, 2011.

FERRETTI, F. Pierre Deffontaines et les missions universitaires françaises au Brésil : enjeux politiques et pédagogiques d’une société savante outremer (1934-1938). Cybergeo, 2014.

GRANGER, S. As Guianas e o Brasil entre contensão e continentalização, ou perigos e vantagens de uma interface caribenha e europeia. Acta Geográfica, Boa Vista, v. 7 n° 15, maio-agosto, 2013, p. 19-38.

GRENAND, P. Ainsi parlaient nos ancêtres, essai d’ethnohistoire waiãpi. Travaux et Documents n° 148. Paris: ORSTOM, 1982.

HAMMOND, D.S (Org.). Tropical Forests of the Guiana Shield Ancient Forests in a Modern World. CAB International, 2005.

HURAULT, J. M. Français et Indiens en Guyane, 1604-1972. Caiena: Guyane Presse Diffusion, 1972.

LEZY, E. Guyane Guyanes, une géographie « sauvage » de l’Orénoque à l’Amazone. Paris: Belin, 2000.

MACHADO, L. O. Mitos y Realidades na na ocupação da Amazônia Brasileira (1500-1912). Doctoral Thesis: University of Barcelona, 1989.

MAM LAM FOUCK, S ; ANAKESA, A. Nouvelle histoire de la Guyane. Matoury: Ibis Rouge, 2013.

MARTINIERE, G. L'indépendance des Amériques et la Révolution française : l'enjeu géopolitique des Caraïbes aux Guyanes, Cahiers des Amériques latines n° 5, Paris, 1987, p. 5-36.

PIANTONI. F. Mapa das disputas marítimo-territoriais da região das Guianas, 2013. Unpublished.

RALEIGH, W. The discoverie of the large, rich and beautiful Empyre of Guiana. 1596. Available on : https://digital.bbm.usp.br/handle/bbm/4979

ROSTAIN, S. Archéologie du littoral de Guyane. Une région charnière entre les influences culturelles de l’Orénoque et de l’Amazone. Journal de la Société des Américanistes, Paris, 1994, p. 9-47.

SILVA, G. V. A região das Guianas e o papel do OBFRON na compreensão regional. Revista de Geopolítica, Natal, v. 7, nº 1, 2016, p. 6 - 23.

_____. Litiges transfrontaliers sur le plateau des Guyanes, enjeux géopolitiques à l’interface des mondes amazoniens et caribéens. L’Espace Politique, 31, 2017. Available on: http://journals.openedition.org/espacepolitique/4242

_____. Cartographic Expressions in the Guiana Region. Geousp, v. 25, n. 2, 2021.

TAGLIONI, F. ; CRUSE, R. Le Suriname : une île caribéenne comme les autres ?, in Cruse, R. et Rhiney, K. (dir.), Caribbean Atlas, 2011, [En ligne] Available on: .




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/raega.v52i0.76301

Direitos autorais 2021 Raega - O Espaço Geográfico em Análise

_____________________________________________

ISSN (IMPRESSO) 1516-4136 até 2008

ISSN (ELETRÔNICO) 2177-2738 a partir de 2009