Open Journal Systems


Nader Zali, Arezoo Tajiik, Mastooreh Gholipour


Recently, urban planning is attending to make cities more sustainable. This goal can be achieved easier in new towns, because the base of creating a sustainable city is prepared. Sustainability is important for creating immanent and viable urban areas for their residents. New towns have a specific place in Iranian urbanism because the methods of urban planning could realize through these settlements. New town of Andisheh is one of these settlements. It has been built at 20 km of southwest of Tehran in order to absorbing extra population of Tehran and Karaj. In this research, in order to study the sustainability of Andishe, the resources of sustainability are studied and factors and indicators are extracted. Then according to theses indicators, this city is introduced and its physical sustainability has been studied. This research is an analytical-descriptive research and its analytical part is based on AHP method. In this research, this method has been run by using the software of Expert Choice. AHP uses dual approaches -quantitative and qualitative-in analyzing data. In this project, physical sustainability consists of factors such as housing, transportation, infrastructure, land use, form and morphology, density, vision and urban landscape. The results show that although Andishe is a planed city, based on planning thoughts and principles but physical sustainability of this city is low.


AHP; Andisheh; Physical sustainability; New Towns; Urban Planning

Texto completo:



AMBIENTE ITALIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE. European Common Indicators(ECI). Italy. 2003.

AZIZI, M.M.Urban density: the principles and criteria of urban densities. Tehran: Publication of Tehran University.2004.

AZIZI, M.M.Stable residential neighborhoods: A case study Narmak. Fine arts, 27, p. 35-46.2007.

CARMONA, M.Public places, urban spaces. Tehran: Publication of art university. 2009.

CENTER FOR URBAN POLICY RESEARCH. Infill development standardes and policy guide.June, 2006.

CHIESURA, A. The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Landscape and Urban Planning. 68,p.129–138.2004.

CONSULTING ENGINEERS.Detailed design of Andisheh. Andisheh's Development Corporation.2003.

EBRAHIMZADE, I.; NEGAHBANMARVI, M. Need to build new cities and developments in the recent period.International Conference on New Towns.2005.

FADAYI,H.Role model for sustainable urban development in the urban structure of Iran. Journal of Information, Education and Research, 4, p.20-24.2009.

FALCONER, R.; NEWMAN, P.; GILES-CORTI, B.Is practice aligned with the principles? Implementing New Urbanismin Perth, Western Australia. Transport Policy. 17. p.287-294.2010.

FORD,L.R.New urbanism and theories of good city form. Cities.4. p.247-257.1999.

GHORBANI, R.; NUSHAD, S.Smart growth strategies in urban alder. Geography and Development, 12, p.163-180. 1998.,Y.R.Sustainable Urban Forms Their Typologies, Models, and Concepts. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26, p.38-52.

LITMAN, T. Evaluating Criticism Of Smart Growth. Victoria transport policy institute. 2005.

MOJREEKERMANI, B.Comparative characteristics of settlements in Metropolitan Areas, Case: a new town of Andisheh and in the area of the new town of Malard. Urban Azad University of Qazvin.2006.

MOSHAVERZADEHM.; ZAHRA; SABRI, S.; SABRI, S. Comparative perspectives on governance parks and sustainable urban development. Identity of the city, 3 (5), p.111-122.2009.

POUR AHMAD, A.; KALANTARKHALILABAD, H.; MIREH, M.Comparative study of locating new cities of metropolitan Tehran. About: Andisheh, Parand and Hashtgerd, Journal of Geography, 17.2010.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING ENGINEERS.Comprehensive Plan of Andisheh.Department of Housing and Urban Development: Andisheh's Development Corporation.1997.

STATISTICS SWEDEN. Sustainable Development Indicators for Sweden. Statistikacentralbyran,Sweden.2001.

THINH, N.X.; ARLT, G.; HEBER, B.; HENNERSDORF, J.; LEHMANN, I.Evaluation of urban land-use structures with a view to sustainable development. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 22. p.475-492. 2002.

TURNER, M.A.A simple theory of smart growth and sprawl. Journal of Urban Economics, 61, p.21-44. 2007.

VAHIDI, G.Implementation strategies for mix of land use. City Journalist, 48, 23-28.(not date).

VILLER, S.M.; BEATLES, T. Sustainable urban development. Tehran: Center for Architecture and Urban Studies.2005.