Open Journal Systems


Caisse Amisse, Mario Ernesto Jijón-Palma, Jorge Antonio Silva Centeno


Object detection in high resolution images is a new challenge that the remote sensing community is facing thanks to introduction of unmanned aerial vehicles and monitoring cameras. One of the interests is to detect and trace persons in the images. Different from general objects, pedestrians can have different poses and are undergoing constant morphological changes while moving, this task needs an intelligent solution. Fine-tuning has woken up great interest among researchers due to its relevance for retraining convolutional networks for many and interesting applications. For object classification, detection, and segmentation fine-tuned models have shown state-of-the-art performance. In the present work, we evaluate the performance of fine-tuned models with a variation of training data by comparing Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN) Inception v2, Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD) Inception v2, and SSD Mobilenet v2. To achieve the goal, the effect of varying training data on performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, F1-score, and recall are taken into account. After testing the detectors, it was identified that the precision and recall are more sensitive on the variation of the amount of training data. Under five variation of the amount of training data, we observe that the proportion of 60%-80% consistently achieve highly comparable performance, whereas in all variation of training data Faster R-CNN Inception v2 outperforms SSD Inception v2 and SSD Mobilenet v2 in evaluated metrics, but the SSD converges relatively quickly during the training phase. Overall, partitioning 80% of total data for fine-tuning trained models produces efficient detectors even with only 700 data samples.


fine-tuning; pedestrian detection; training data; deep learning models.