FLAT PLATE PULSATING HEAT PIPES WITH DIFFERENT CHANNEL GEOMETRIES FOR HIGH HEAT FLUX APPLICATIONS

L. Krambeck, K. G. Domiciano, L. A. Betancur-Arboleda, M. B. H. Mantelli

Abstract


The thermal performance of flat plate pulsating heat pipes with different
channel geometries was performed in this experimental work. The tests
were accomplished with two channel profiles, round and grooved. One of
the channel geometries, located on the evaporator, can be considered novel,
consisting of a round channel with two lateral grooves. Diffusion bonding
technology was used to manufacture the PHPs made of two copper flat
plates. Distilled water was used as the working fluid with a filling ratio of
50% (17.9 ml) of the total volume. The pulsating heat pipes were tested at
one position (vertical) under heat loads from 20 up to 2000 W. The
experimental results showed that both flat plate pulsating heat pipes
operates successfully for high heat fluxes. The lateral grooves reduced the
thermal resistance, being principally efficient in lower loads. Besides that,
the novel channel considerably anticipated the operation startup. Therefore,
a much better performance was obtained by the grooved channel PHP,
which was constructed from a simple, low cost modification of the
fabrication process.


Keywords


pulsating heat pipe, thermal performance, high heat flux, grooves

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/reterm.v20i1.80440

Copyright (c) 2021 L. Krambeck, K. G. Domiciano, L. A. Betancur-Arboleda, M. B. H. Mantelli

Revista da Engenharia Térmica. ISSN: 1676-1790