# Biblioteca Digitalde Periódicosda Universidade Federal do Paraná

## Open Journal Systems

### SOLUTION OF MULTIPHASE HEAT CONDUCTION PROBLEMS VIA THE GENERALIZED INTEGRAL TRANSFORM TECHNIQUE WITH DOMAIN CHARACTERIZATION THROUGH THE INDICATOR FUNCTION

H. A. Machado, N. G. C. Leite, E. Nogueira, H. Korzenowisk

#### Abstract

The Generalized Integral Transform Technique (GITT) has appeared in the literature as an alternative to conventional discrete numerical methods for partial differential equations in heat transfer and fluid flow. This method permits the automatic control of the error and is easy to program, since there is no need for a discretization. The method has being constantly improved, but there still a vast number of practical problems that has not being solved satisfactory. In several brands of engineering, the transport equations have to be solved for a combination of different phases or materials or inside irregular domains. In this case, the mathematical resource of the Indicator Function can be employed. This function is a representation of the phases or parts of the domain with the numbers 0 and 1 for each phase. According to the method, the Indicator Function is defined by Poisson’s equation, which is added to the system of the transport equations. An integral is done along the curve that defines the interface that will generate the source term in Poisson’ equation used to calculate the Indicator Function distribution. The solution of the system of equations is done using the common GITT approach. Then, an analytical expression for each transformed potential of the indicator function and the other variables are available. Once the transformed potentials are known, the Indicator Function can be analytically operated, and the interface can be represented by an analytical continuous function. In this work, the use of the GITT in conjunction with the Indicator Function is proposed. The methodology is described and some previous results are presented. GITT is applied to a two-dimensional heat conduction problem in a multiphase domain with an irregular geometry, inside a square domain. The methodology presented here can be extended to all brands of convection-diffusion problems already solved via GITT.

#### Keywords

integral transforms; irregular geometries; heat conduction

#### Full Text:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/reterm.v15i2.62169