ALTIMETRY ASSESSMENT OF ASTER GDEM v2 AND SRTM v3 DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS: A CASE STUDY IN URBAN AREA OF BELO HORIZONTE, MG, BRAZIL

Josyceyla Duarte Morais, Thaísa Santos Faria, Marcos Antonio Timbó Elmiro, Marcelo Antonio Nero, Archibald de Araujo Silva, Rodrigo Affonso de Albuquerque Nobrega

Resumo


This work is an altimetry evaluation study involving Digital Elevation Models ASTER GDEM version 2 and SRTM version 3. Both models are readily available free of charge, however as they are built from different remote sensing methods it is also expected that they present different data qualities. LIDAR data with 25 cm vertical accuracy were used as reference for assessment validation. The evaluation study, carried out in urbanized area, investigated the distribution of the residuals and the relationship between the observed errors with land slope
classes. Remote sensing principles, quantitative statistical methods and the Cartographic Accuracy Standard of Digital Mapping Products (PEC-PCD) were considered. The results indicated strong positive linear correlation and the existence of a functional relationship between the evaluated models and the reference model. Residuals between -4.36 m and 3.11 m grouped 47.7% of samples corresponding to ASTER GDEM and 63.7% of samples corresponding to SRTM. In both evaluated models, Root Mean Square Error values increased with increasing of land slope. Considering 1: 50,000 mapping scale the PEC-PCD classification indicated class B standard for SRTM and class C for ASTER GDEM. In all analyzes, SRTM presented smaller altimetry errors compared to ASTER GDEM, except in areas with steep relief.


Palavras-chave


Digital Elevation Models; ASTER GDEM v2; SRTM v3; Altimetry Assessment



Direitos autorais 2017 Josyceyla Duarte Morais, Thaísa Santos Faria, Marcos Antonio Timbó Elmiro, Marcelo Antonio Nero, Archibald de Araujo Silva, Rodrigo Affonso de Albuquerque Nobrega

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas. ISSN: 1982-2170